Lesson Title: 

An Interview With Folk Singer Arif Lohaar...

This audio text is about the system of local bodies in Pakistan. It compares their duties and functions in the past vis-a-vis their present ones. In the past, their functions were limited to sanitation, malaria prevention, and maintenance, etc. Whereas under the current system, many functions and departments of the provincial govermnent have been given to the local bodies. The problem is that these bodies are still working from the old pattern. There is no real public accountability since the head of the local government is chosen by the councillors and not by popular vote.


  • Punjabi, Western


  • Culture/Society

ILR Level: 

  • 3+/4

ACTFL Proficiency: 

  • Distinguished, Superior
  • This ACTFL rating is an approximation based on the ILR level


  • Listening

Learning Objective: 

  • Maintenance & Improvement

Subject Area: 

  • Language

Material Type: 

  • Learning Object

Publication Year: 




Requires/Tested with: 

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