Lesson Title: 

Human Tragedy

The text you are about to read was written during the time of Taliban rule in Afghanistan. It deals with changes in the degree of Western support of Afghan refugees from the time of the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan (1979-1989) through the regime of the Taliban (emerged 1994; captured Kabul 1996; fell late 2001, early 2002). You will gain insights into the decline of this support after the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan and into the situation among refugees.


  • Pashto


  • Culture/Society

ILR Level: 

  • 0+/1

ACTFL Proficiency: 

  • Intermediate-Mid, Intermediate-Low, Novice-High
  • This ACTFL rating is an approximation based on the ILR level


  • Reading

Learning Objective: 

  • Maintenance & Improvement

Subject Area: 

  • Language

Material Type: 

  • Learning Object

Publication Year: 




Requires/Tested with: 

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